EDITED by Marlene
Between January and June, researchers have published greater than 23,000 distinctive articles referring to COVID-19. However few, mentioned the authors of a brand new examine about new child infants and their moms, have addressed this query: Can pregnant girls infect their infants?
These researchers checked out case recordsdata for 101 newborns delivered to moms with COVID-19 at two New York Metropolis hospitals (Columbia College Irving Medical Middle and NewYork-Presbyterian Morgan Stanley Youngsters’s Hospital) between March 13 and April 24, 2020. They revealed their outcomes Oct. 12 in JAMA Pediatrics .
Can Youngsters Be Born With COVID-19?
The priority, mentioned the authors, is that different sorts of viruses will be handed from mom to her new child.
To date, the proof means that it’s unlikely a girl who examined constructive for COVID-19 would cross the an infection to her new child. Of the infants studied, solely two had been contaminated with the virus. The researchers couldn’t affirm whether or not the an infection occurred earlier than or after beginning, however all 101 of the infants remained wholesome throughout a two-week followup interval.
What About Bonding?
Shut contact, particularly skin-to-skin, has been shown to promote healthy development in infants. May this be allowed beneath COVID-19 security requirements?
The examine outcomes confirmed no downside, as long as the fitting security measures are in place. Senior creator Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman, MD, a maternal-fetal specialist and professor in obstetrics and gynecology at Columbia College Vagelos Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons, shared the team’s methodology in a news release:
“Through the pandemic, we continued to do what we usually do to advertise bonding and improvement in wholesome newborns, whereas taking a couple of further precautions to attenuate the danger of publicity to the virus.”
These “further precautions” had been acquainted ones. Each direct contact and breastfeeding had been permitted, however mask-wearing was required, alongside washing fingers and breasts earlier than contact. Social distancing measures had been additionally put in place: Infants who stayed of their moms’ rooms rested in cribs spaced six toes away from the guardian.
The examine questioned earlier steerage that has warned towards parent-child contact out of an abundance of warning. Lead creator Dani Dumitriu, MD, PhD, assistant professor of pediatrics in psychiatry on the Columbia medical college, and a pediatric new child hospitalist at NewYork-Presbyterian, had considerations about this cautious method.
“These suggestions had been made within the absence of knowledge on charges of mother-to-newborn SARS-CoV-2 transmission and are primarily based on expertise with mother-newborn transmission of different infectious illnesses,” she acknowledged within the press launch. “… Among the suggestions battle with what we all know concerning the developmental advantages of early breastfeeding and skin-to-skin contact. Our examine exhibits that these measures is probably not needed for wholesome newborns with COVID-positive mothers.”
The Take Dwelling
Whereas COVID-19 is an especially contagious illness, current analysis means that the danger of a mom passing it to her new child is minimal. The identical security measures utilized in every day life needs to be sufficient to mitigate any threat.
As Dr. Gyamfi-Bannerman put it: “Our findings ought to reassure expectant moms with COVID-19 that primary infection-control measures throughout and after childbirth–such as sporting a masks and interesting in breast and hand hygiene when holding or breastfeeding a baby–protected newborns from an infection on this collection.”